The role of race/ethnicity in the relationship between emergency department use and intimate partner violence

Findings from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Sherry Lipsky, Raul Caetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We examined the relationship between intimate partner violence victimization among women in the general population and emergency department use. We sought to discern whether race/ethnicity moderates this relationship and to explore these relationships in race/ethnic-specific models. Methods. We used data on non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic married or cohabiting women from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression. Results. Women who reported intimate partner violence victimization were 1.5 times more likely than were nonvictims to use the emergency department, after we accounted for race/ethnicity and substance use. In race/ethnic-specific analyses, only Hispanic victims were more likely than their nonvictim counterparts to use the emergency department (AOR=3.68; 95% CI=1.89, 7.18), whereas substance use factors varied among groups. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that the emergency department is an opportune setting to screen for intimate partner violence victimization, especially among Hispanic women. Future research should focus on why Hispanic victims are more likely to use the emergency department compared with nonvictims, with regard to socioeconomic and cultural determinants of health care utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2246-2252
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume97
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2007

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Hospital Emergency Service
Hispanic Americans
Crime Victims
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Odds Ratio
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models
Surveys and Questionnaires
Intimate Partner Violence
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "The role of race/ethnicity in the relationship between emergency department use and intimate partner violence: Findings from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health",
abstract = "Objectives. We examined the relationship between intimate partner violence victimization among women in the general population and emergency department use. We sought to discern whether race/ethnicity moderates this relationship and to explore these relationships in race/ethnic-specific models. Methods. We used data on non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic married or cohabiting women from the 2002 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression. Results. Women who reported intimate partner violence victimization were 1.5 times more likely than were nonvictims to use the emergency department, after we accounted for race/ethnicity and substance use. In race/ethnic-specific analyses, only Hispanic victims were more likely than their nonvictim counterparts to use the emergency department (AOR=3.68; 95{\%} CI=1.89, 7.18), whereas substance use factors varied among groups. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that the emergency department is an opportune setting to screen for intimate partner violence victimization, especially among Hispanic women. Future research should focus on why Hispanic victims are more likely to use the emergency department compared with nonvictims, with regard to socioeconomic and cultural determinants of health care utilization.",
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