The role of systolic–diastolic coupling in distinguishing impaired diastolic recoil in healthy aging and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

James P. MacNamara, Vivek Koshti, I. Jou Cheng, Katrin A. Dias, Christopher M. Hearon, William Cornwell, Erin J. Howden, Benjamin D. Levine, Satyam Sarma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Age-related changes to left ventricular (LV) early diastolic recoil confound the diagnostic value of e′ velocity in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Systolic–diastolic coupling quantifies passive left ventricular elastic recoil and may be superior to e′ in differentiating abnormal diastolic recoil in HFpEF from healthy aging. This study aims to determine the effect of healthy aging and HFpEF on systolic–diastolic coupling. Methods: Healthy adults (n = 141, aged 20-90 years) underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) to quantify LV filling pressure and tissue Doppler echocardiography to define peak velocities and excursion (velocity time integral) of the mitral annulus. Separately, HFpEF patients (n = 12, age 67 ± 5 years) and controls (n = 12, age 68 ± 5 years) underwent RHC and echocardiography. Systolic–diastolic coupling was measured as early diastolic excursion (EDexc) divided by systolic excursion (Sexc). Results: In healthy adults, EDexc/ Sexc declined by 15% per decade of life (r2 = 0.53, P <.001). EDexc/Sexc was significantly lower in HFpEF compared with controls (0.43 ± 0.11 vs 0.56 ± 0.11, P =.011), while e′ was similar (6.2 ± 1.5 vs 6.8 ± 1.3 cm/s, P =.33). Using ROC analysis, EDexc/Sexc had an AUC to detect HFpEF of 0.82 (0.61-0.95, P =.007), which was superior to e′ alone (AUC 0.60(0.39-0.80), P =.39; P =.026 for difference). Conclusions: Systolic–diastolic coupling, quantified by the EDexc/Sexc ratio, declined linearly with healthy aging. The EDexc/Sexc ratio was further reduced in HFpEF and able to predict HFpEF more accurately than e′ alone. Systolic–diastolic coupling may be a useful diagnostic tool to detect HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalEchocardiography
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • diastolic dysfunction
  • heart failure
  • systolic function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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