The role of total and high-molecular-weight complex of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes

F. Halperin, J. A. Beckman, M. E. Patti, M. E. Trujillo, M. Garvin, M. A. Creager, P. E. Scherer, A. B. Goldfine

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Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: Adiponectin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitising and anti-atherogenic properties. We studied the role played by total adiponectin and by the bioactive high-molecular-weight (HMW) oligomeric complexes of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis. Methods: Total and %HMW adiponectin, the cytokines C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), as well as lipid profiles were assayed in 19 offspring, each with two type 2 diabetic parents. Subjects underwent OGTTs and IVGTTs. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) was assessed by brachial artery ultrasonography. Results: There was a significant relationship between %HMW and total adiponectin levels (r=0.72, p=0.001). Despite an expected strong positive correlation between HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels (r=0.52, p=0.04), as well as HDL-cholesterol and EDV (r=0.56, p<0.02), there was no significant relationship between either total adiponectin or % HMW adiponectin and EDV. Adiponectin was inversely associated with PAI-1 (r=0.50, p=0.05), but did not correlate with the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein or interleukin-6. Conclusions/interpretation: In offspring of diabetic parents, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerotic disease, there is no relationship between total or %HMW adiponectin and endothelium-dependent vasodilation. However, low adiponectin was associated with impaired fibrinolysis as manifested by increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2147-2154
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetologia
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Fingerprint

Adiponectin
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Blood Vessels
Molecular Weight
Vasodilation
Endothelium
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
C-Reactive Protein
HDL Cholesterol
Interleukin-6
Adipokines
Brachial Artery
Fibrinolysis
Glucose Tolerance Test
Ultrasonography
Atherosclerosis
Insulin
Cytokines
Lipids

Keywords

  • Adiponectin
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Endothelial function
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • Insulin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Halperin, F., Beckman, J. A., Patti, M. E., Trujillo, M. E., Garvin, M., Creager, M. A., ... Goldfine, A. B. (2005). The role of total and high-molecular-weight complex of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 48(10), 2147-2154. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-005-1901-5

The role of total and high-molecular-weight complex of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes. / Halperin, F.; Beckman, J. A.; Patti, M. E.; Trujillo, M. E.; Garvin, M.; Creager, M. A.; Scherer, P. E.; Goldfine, A. B.

In: Diabetologia, Vol. 48, No. 10, 10.2005, p. 2147-2154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Halperin, F. ; Beckman, J. A. ; Patti, M. E. ; Trujillo, M. E. ; Garvin, M. ; Creager, M. A. ; Scherer, P. E. ; Goldfine, A. B. / The role of total and high-molecular-weight complex of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes. In: Diabetologia. 2005 ; Vol. 48, No. 10. pp. 2147-2154.
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abstract = "Aims/hypothesis: Adiponectin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitising and anti-atherogenic properties. We studied the role played by total adiponectin and by the bioactive high-molecular-weight (HMW) oligomeric complexes of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis. Methods: Total and {\%}HMW adiponectin, the cytokines C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), as well as lipid profiles were assayed in 19 offspring, each with two type 2 diabetic parents. Subjects underwent OGTTs and IVGTTs. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) was assessed by brachial artery ultrasonography. Results: There was a significant relationship between {\%}HMW and total adiponectin levels (r=0.72, p=0.001). Despite an expected strong positive correlation between HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels (r=0.52, p=0.04), as well as HDL-cholesterol and EDV (r=0.56, p<0.02), there was no significant relationship between either total adiponectin or {\%} HMW adiponectin and EDV. Adiponectin was inversely associated with PAI-1 (r=0.50, p=0.05), but did not correlate with the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein or interleukin-6. Conclusions/interpretation: In offspring of diabetic parents, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerotic disease, there is no relationship between total or {\%}HMW adiponectin and endothelium-dependent vasodilation. However, low adiponectin was associated with impaired fibrinolysis as manifested by increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.",
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AU - Halperin, F.

AU - Beckman, J. A.

AU - Patti, M. E.

AU - Trujillo, M. E.

AU - Garvin, M.

AU - Creager, M. A.

AU - Scherer, P. E.

AU - Goldfine, A. B.

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AB - Aims/hypothesis: Adiponectin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitising and anti-atherogenic properties. We studied the role played by total adiponectin and by the bioactive high-molecular-weight (HMW) oligomeric complexes of adiponectin in vascular function in offspring whose parents both had type 2 diabetes, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerosis. Methods: Total and %HMW adiponectin, the cytokines C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), as well as lipid profiles were assayed in 19 offspring, each with two type 2 diabetic parents. Subjects underwent OGTTs and IVGTTs. Endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) was assessed by brachial artery ultrasonography. Results: There was a significant relationship between %HMW and total adiponectin levels (r=0.72, p=0.001). Despite an expected strong positive correlation between HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin levels (r=0.52, p=0.04), as well as HDL-cholesterol and EDV (r=0.56, p<0.02), there was no significant relationship between either total adiponectin or % HMW adiponectin and EDV. Adiponectin was inversely associated with PAI-1 (r=0.50, p=0.05), but did not correlate with the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein or interleukin-6. Conclusions/interpretation: In offspring of diabetic parents, a population at high risk of diabetes and atherosclerotic disease, there is no relationship between total or %HMW adiponectin and endothelium-dependent vasodilation. However, low adiponectin was associated with impaired fibrinolysis as manifested by increased levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

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KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Endothelial function

KW - High-density lipoprotein

KW - Insulin resistance

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