The expression of surface procoagulants by exudative macrophages represents an important mechanism underlying local fibrin deposition at sites of extravascular inflammation. The present studies investigated the contribution of tyrosine phosphorylation to the generation of macrophage procoagulant activity (PCA) and tissue factor expression in response to proinflammatory stimuli. Both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and zymosan rapidly stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation in elicited murine peritoneal macrophages. This effect was prevented by the tyrosine kinase inhibitors genistein and herbimycin and augmented by the addition of the phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibitor vanadate. The vanadate-mediated rise in phosphotyrosine accumulation was abrogated by the use of diphenylene iodonium, an inhibitor of the respiratory burst oxidase, suggesting a role for peroxides of vanadate as contributors to the tyrosine phosphorylation. This notion was supported by the finding that vanadyl hydroperoxide markedly increased the accumulation of phosphotyrosine residues. To define the role of tyrosine phosphorylation in the induction of macrophage PCA by LPS, the effects of tyrosine kinase inhibition by genistein and herbimycin were investigated. Both agents inhibited the expression of macrophage PCA. Further, Northern blot analysis with the cDNA probe for murine tissue factor indicated that the inhibition occurred at the mRNA level or earlier. Since vanadate augmented phosphotyrosine accumulation, it was hypothesized that it might enhance generation of macrophage products. However, vanadate reduced induction of PCA in response to LPS. By contrast, vanadate augmented basal prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release and stimulated PGE2 release by macrophages. Indomethacin prevented the increase in PGE2 but only partially restored normal levels of PCA. The effect of vanadate on tissue factor expression appeared to be posttranscriptional. These studies thus demonstrate, by functional Western blotting and Northern blotting techniques, that tyrosine phosphorylation plays a role in the regulation of macrophage PCA and tissue factor expression in response to proinflammatory stimuli.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Infection and immunity|
|State||Published - Jun 18 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases