The proteins Ku70 (69.8 kDa) and Ku80 (82.7 kDa) form a heterodimeric complex that is an essential component of the nonhomologous end joining DNA double-strand break repair pathway in mammalian cells. Interaction of Ku with DNA is central for the functions of Ku. Ku70, which is mainly responsible for the DNA binding activity of the Ku heterodimer, contains two DNA-binding domains. We have solved the solution structure of the Ku80-independent DNA-binding domain of Ku70 encompassing residues 536-609 using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Residues 536-560 are highly flexible and have a random structure but form specific interactions with DNA. Residues 561-609 of Ku70 form a well defined structure with 3 α-helices and also interact with DNA. The three-dimensional structure indicates that all conserved hydrophobic residues are in the hydrophobic core and therefore may be important for structural integrity. Most of the conserved positively charged residues are likely to be critical for DNA recognition. The C-terminal DNA-binding domain of Ku70 contains a helix-extended strand-helix motif, which occurs in other nucleic acid-binding proteins and may represent a common nucleic acid binding motif.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 12 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology