The toll-like receptors as the primary sensors of the innate immune system

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1 Scopus citations


Toll-like receptors have in recent years emerged as key players in early innate immune responses. Here, Bruce Beutler unravels and explains this complex field, including their discovery, known functions to date, and their important role as the interface between the host and the microbial world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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