The use of haptenated-immunoglobulin molecules to induce tolerance in B cells from neonatal mice

T. J. Waldschmidt, E. S. Vitetta

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Abstract

The role of the Fc region of trinitrophenylated (TNP)-immunoglobulins (Ig) in their ability to induce tolerance in immature B cells was examined. With the use of B cells from neonatal mice, tolerogens that could or could not bind to Fc receptors were assessed for their ability to induce tolerance. This was accomplished by tolerizing spleen cells in bulk culture and assessing the degree of tolerance by challenging the cells with the thymus-independent antigen TNP-Brucella abortus (TNP-BA) in limiting dilution cultures. It was found that by using tolerogens containing 10 to 11 haptens per Ig molecule, immature B cells were very susceptible to tolerance induction. Mature B cells were not as susceptible. This increased susceptibility was independent of the Fc portion of the tolerogen, because TNP11-HGG and a TNP10F(ab')2 induced equivalent degrees of unresponsiveness. When the TNP density was lowered to approximately five haptens per Ig molecule, those Ig molecules that contained Fc portions were superior tolerogens with the use of B cells from 6-day-old mice. Thus, a TNP4-HGG, TNP7-mouse IgG1, and TNP6-mouse IgG2a were more effective tolerogens than either TNP5-F(ab')2 or TNP6-mouse IgG3. These results confirm previous findings that immature B cells are inherently more susceptible to tolerance induction than mature B cells. They also suggest that very lightly haptenated Ig molecules may depend on Fc receptor-binding for effective tolerance induction. Finally, by means of a cytofluorograph, the surface IgD (sIgD) and sIgM phenotypes of splenic B cells from neonates of increasing age were determined. When comparing the phenotype of maturing cells with their tolerance susceptibilities, a correlation between the appearance of sIgD and the acquisition of resistance to tolerance was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1436-1441
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume134
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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