The utility of therapeutic plasma exchange in Hyperviscosity syndrome associated with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: A case report

Allen P. Green, Adam C. Gonzalez, Jack B. Alperin, James D. Burner, Sean G. Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hyperviscosity syndrome (HVS) is a life-threatening syndrome caused by high concentrations of large plasma proteins like IgM, rheumatoid factor, and other immune complexes, leading to increased blood viscosity and symptoms such as visual abnormalities, neurological impairment, bleeding diathesis, and thrombosis. While Waldenström's macroglobulinemia accounts for 80% to 90% of cases, HVS may develop in other clinical settings characterized by elevations in plasma proteins. Limited evidence currently exists describing the safety and efficacy of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for the management of HVS secondary to non-neoplastic conditions. We report a case of recurrent HVS associated with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and Felty syndrome that demonstrated improvement in clinical symptoms following initiation of TPE. These findings suggest that TPE may be utilized as an adjunct treatment option in patients with HVS secondary to autoimmune disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-663
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Apheresis
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • hyperviscosity syndrome
  • juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • rheumatoid factor
  • therapeutic plasma exchange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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