The V-ATPases in cancer and cell death

Fangquan Chen, Rui Kang, Jiao Liu, Daolin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Transmembrane ATPases are membrane-bound enzyme complexes and ion transporters that can be divided into F-, V-, and A-ATPases according to their structure. The V-ATPases, also known as H+-ATPases, are large multi-subunit protein complexes composed of a peripheral domain (V1) responsible for the hydrolysis of ATP and a membrane-integrated domain (V0) that transports protons across plasma membrane or organelle membrane. V-ATPases play a fundamental role in maintaining pH homeostasis through lysosomal acidification and are involved in modulating various physiological and pathological processes, such as macropinocytosis, autophagy, cell invasion, and cell death (e.g., apoptosis, anoikis, alkaliptosis, ferroptosis, and lysosome-dependent cell death). In addition to participating in embryonic development, V-ATPase pathways, when dysfunctional, are implicated in human diseases, such as neurodegenerative diseases, osteopetrosis, distal renal tubular acidosis, and cancer. In this review, we summarize the structure and regulation of isoforms of V-ATPase subunits and discuss their context-dependent roles in cancer biology and cell death. Updated knowledge about V-ATPases may enable us to design new anticancer drugs or strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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