The vasculature in prediabetes

David H. Wasserman, Thomas J. Wang, Nancy J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The frequency of prediabetes is increasing as the prevalence of obesity rises worldwide. In prediabetes, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and inflammation and metabolic derangements associated with concomitant obesity cause endothelial vasodilator and fibrinolytic dysfunction, leading to increased risk of cardiovascular and renal disease. Importantly, the microvasculature affects insulin sensitivity by affecting the delivery of insulin and glucose to skeletal muscle; thus, endothelial dysfunction and extracellular matrix remodeling promote the progression from prediabetes to diabetes mellitus. Weight loss is the mainstay of treatment in prediabetes, but therapies that improved endothelial function and vasodilation may not only prevent cardiovascular disease but also slow progression to diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1135-1150
Number of pages16
JournalCirculation research
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Insulin resistance
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'The vasculature in prediabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this