Therapeutic manipulation of ocular antigen-presenting cells in corneal transplantation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Corneal transplantation is the most common and, arguably, the most successful form of solid tissue transplantation. In the United States alone, over 33,000 corneal transplants are performed each year (1). In uncomplicated cases, 90% acceptance is commonplace even though tissue typing and administration of systemic immunosuppressive drugs are not employed. Such success is unparalleled in other forms of transplantation and has led to the proposition that corneal allografts enjoy immune privilege (2-5). A panoply of anatomic, physiologic, and immunoregulatory parameters contribute to the immune privilege of corneal allografts (Table 1). These parameters can be reduced to three broad categories: (i) those that block induction of alloimmunity; (ii) those that divert or suppress alloimmune responses; and (iii) those that inhibit the host’s immune effector elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAntigen-Presenting Cells and the Eye
PublisherCRC Press
Pages157-164
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781420020342
ISBN (Print)9780849390203
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Niederkorn, J. Y. (2007). Therapeutic manipulation of ocular antigen-presenting cells in corneal transplantation. In Antigen-Presenting Cells and the Eye (pp. 157-164). CRC Press.