Therapeutic plasma exchange for hypertriglyceridemia induced pancreatitis: A rapid and practical approach

Chakri Gavva, Ravindra Sarode, Deepak Agrawal, James Burner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Acute hypertriglyceridemia induced pancreatitis (HTP) presents with a more severe clinical course compared to other etiologies of pancreatitis. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a potential treatment option for lowering plasma triglycerides and possibly decreasing morbidity and mortality. However, clinical data regarding its effectiveness are limited. Methods: We retrospectively examined the clinical data and outcomes of 13 consecutive episodes of HTP in which TPE was employed to reduce plasma triglycerides during a 15-month period. Results: The TPE was initiated at a median of 19 hours from the time of presentation. We performed 1.2-1.5 volume TPEs with 5% albumin as the replacement fluid. After only one TPE procedure, the mean plasma triglycerides values decreased from 2993 mg/dl to 487 mg/dl with a reduction of 84%. All 13 patients survived with a mean length of hospital stay of 9.5 days. There were no complications related to TPE. Conclusions: One TPE procedure is an effective method for reducing plasma triglycerides and possibly decreases the length of hospital stay in patients admitted with HTP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTransfusion and Apheresis Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 6 2015

Keywords

  • Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis
  • Plasma exchange
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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