Therapeutic plasma exchange for hypertriglyceridemia induced pancreatitis: A rapid and practical approach

Chakri Gavva, Ravindra Sarode, Deepak Agrawal, James Burner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Acute hypertriglyceridemia induced pancreatitis (HTP) presents with a more severe clinical course compared to other etiologies of pancreatitis. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a potential treatment option for lowering plasma triglycerides and possibly decreasing morbidity and mortality. However, clinical data regarding its effectiveness are limited. Methods: We retrospectively examined the clinical data and outcomes of 13 consecutive episodes of HTP in which TPE was employed to reduce plasma triglycerides during a 15-month period. Results: The TPE was initiated at a median of 19 hours from the time of presentation. We performed 1.2-1.5 volume TPEs with 5% albumin as the replacement fluid. After only one TPE procedure, the mean plasma triglycerides values decreased from 2993 mg/dl to 487 mg/dl with a reduction of 84%. All 13 patients survived with a mean length of hospital stay of 9.5 days. There were no complications related to TPE. Conclusions: One TPE procedure is an effective method for reducing plasma triglycerides and possibly decreases the length of hospital stay in patients admitted with HTP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-102
Number of pages4
JournalTransfusion and Apheresis Science
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis
  • Plasma exchange
  • Triglycerides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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