Therapy for anogenital verrucae in preadolescent children with topical and systemic treatment

Bahir H. Chamseddin, Nnenna G Agim, Jason Jarin, Ellen E Wilson, Adnan Mir

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Objectives: Anogenital verrucae (AV) are benign, human papillomavirus (HPV)–induced tumors of the anogenital skin and mucosa. Medical therapy for AV in preadolescents has not been well studied. We explore the efficacy and safety profile of sinecatechins 15% ointment and imiquimod 5% cream in the treatment of AV, alone and in combination therapy with other commonly used medications. Methods: A single-institution, retrospective review of children under 12 years of age with AV treated with imiquimod 5% cream and sinecatechins 15% ointment was performed. Demographic data, side effects, and outcomes of therapy were recorded for each patient, and overall efficacy was determined. Results: A total of 37 patients met inclusion criteria. Responses were seen in 8 out of 9 patients treated with sinecatechins 15% ointment (5 full, 3 partial, and 1 no response) and 9 out of 17 patients treated with imiquimod 5% cream (4 full, 5 partial, and 8 no response). Combination therapy with one or more of the following treatments (podophyllin, cimetidine, candida antigen injection, and HPV vaccine) were evaluated, but no combination was objectively superior to the others. No significant difference was found in overall efficacy between sinecatechins and imiquimod. Side effects were mild and limited to irritation and erythema. Conclusions: Both imiquimod 5% cream and sinecatechins 15% ointment are moderately effective in the treatment of AV in preadolescent children, with a trend toward greater effectiveness of sinecatechins. Combination therapy with other treatments did not significantly increase the effectiveness of topical therapies. Each modality has a tolerable side effect profile with a low risk of serious complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric Dermatology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • anogenital warts
  • children
  • condyloma acuminata
  • imiquimod
  • preadolescent
  • sinecatechins
  • systemic treatment
  • topical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dermatology

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