Third heart sound and elevated jugular venous pressure as markers of the subsequent development of heart failure in patients with asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction

Mark H. Drazner, J. Eduardo Rame, Daniel L. Dries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the independent prognostic value of a third heart sound (S3) and elevated jugular venous pressure in patients with asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis of 4102 participants from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) prevention trial. In that trial, participants with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction (New York Association class I or II, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤0.35, no treatment for heart failure) were allocated randomly to enalapril or placebo and followed for a mean (± SD) of 34 ± 14 months. The presence of an S3 and elevated jugular venous pressure was ascertained by physical examination at study enrollment. We used multivariate proportional hazards models to determine whether these physical examination findings were associated with the development of heart failure, a prespecified endpoint of the SOLVD prevention trial. RESULTS: At baseline, 209 subjects (5.1%) had an S3 and 70 (1.7%) had elevated jugular venous pressure. Heart failure developed in 1044 subjects (25.5%). After adjusting for other markers of disease severity, an S3 was associated with an increased risk of heart failure (relative risk [RR] = 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09 to 1.73; P = 0.007) and the composite endpoint of death or development of heart failure (RR = 1.34; 95% CI: 1.09 to 1.64; P = 0.005). Elevated jugular venous pressure was also associated with these outcomes in multivariate models. CONCLUSION: The physical examination provides prognostic information among patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume114
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2003

Keywords

  • Heart auscultation
  • Heart failure
  • Heart sounds
  • Jugular veins
  • Physical examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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