The bony pathoanatomy of clubfoot has been assessed by a three dimensional reconstruction of transverse CT images obtained from 27 feet in children aged 3–10 years. Principal axes of the bones were determined to quantitate interosseous deformity, while visual inspection of the reconstructed images demonstated intraosseous deformity. “Medial spin” and midfoot adduction were analyzed on the AP view of the foot (“top” view), while hindfoot pronosupination was analyzed on the AP view of the ankle (posterior view). This technique allows visualization of deformities which normally cannot be analyzed on plain radiographs, and also shows that a variety of interosseous relationships make up the clinical entity known as clubfoot. Abnormal talar pronation (“intorsion”) was an unexpected finding of this three dimensional analysis.
- Three dimensional deformity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine