Three new subfamilies of skipper butterflies (lepidoptera, hesperiidae)

Jing Zhang, Qian Cong, Jinhui Shen, Ernst Brockmann, Nick V Grishin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We obtained and analyzed whole genome data for more than 160 representatives of skipper butterflies (family Hesperiidae) from all known subfamilies, tribes and most distinctive genera. We found that two genera, Katreus Watson, 1893 and Ortholexis Karsch, 1895, which are sisters, are well-separated from all other major phylogenetic lineages and originate near the base of the Hesperiidae tree, prior to the origin of some subfamilies. Due to this ancient origin compared to other subfamilies, this group is described as Katreinae Grishin, subfam. n. DNA sequencing of primary type specimens reveals that Ortholexis melichroptera Karsch, 1895 is not a female of Ortholexis holocausta Mabille, 1891, but instead a female of Ortholexis dimidia Holland, 1896. This finding establishes O. dimidia as a junior subjective synonym of O. melichroptera. Furthermore, we see that Chamunda Evans, 1949 does not originate within Pyrginae Burmeister, 1878, but, unexpectedly, forms an ancient lineage of its own at the subfamily rank: Chamundinae Grishin, subfam. n. Finally, a group of two sister genera, Barca de Nicéville, 1902 and Apostictopterus Leech, [1893], originates around the time Hesperiinae Latreille, 1809 have split from their sister clade. A new subfamily Barcinae Grishin, subfam. n. sets them apart from all other Hesperiidae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-105
Number of pages15
JournalZooKeys
Volume2019
Issue number861
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hesperiidae
new subfamily
butterfly
Lepidoptera
leech
type specimen
genome
phylogenetics
DNA
type collections
sequence analysis
phylogeny
family

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Genomics
  • Higher classification
  • Phylogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Three new subfamilies of skipper butterflies (lepidoptera, hesperiidae). / Zhang, Jing; Cong, Qian; Shen, Jinhui; Brockmann, Ernst; Grishin, Nick V.

In: ZooKeys, Vol. 2019, No. 861, 01.01.2019, p. 91-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Jing ; Cong, Qian ; Shen, Jinhui ; Brockmann, Ernst ; Grishin, Nick V. / Three new subfamilies of skipper butterflies (lepidoptera, hesperiidae). In: ZooKeys. 2019 ; Vol. 2019, No. 861. pp. 91-105.
@article{d89177092c004e2fa0079eca8ccca380,
title = "Three new subfamilies of skipper butterflies (lepidoptera, hesperiidae)",
abstract = "We obtained and analyzed whole genome data for more than 160 representatives of skipper butterflies (family Hesperiidae) from all known subfamilies, tribes and most distinctive genera. We found that two genera, Katreus Watson, 1893 and Ortholexis Karsch, 1895, which are sisters, are well-separated from all other major phylogenetic lineages and originate near the base of the Hesperiidae tree, prior to the origin of some subfamilies. Due to this ancient origin compared to other subfamilies, this group is described as Katreinae Grishin, subfam. n. DNA sequencing of primary type specimens reveals that Ortholexis melichroptera Karsch, 1895 is not a female of Ortholexis holocausta Mabille, 1891, but instead a female of Ortholexis dimidia Holland, 1896. This finding establishes O. dimidia as a junior subjective synonym of O. melichroptera. Furthermore, we see that Chamunda Evans, 1949 does not originate within Pyrginae Burmeister, 1878, but, unexpectedly, forms an ancient lineage of its own at the subfamily rank: Chamundinae Grishin, subfam. n. Finally, a group of two sister genera, Barca de Nic{\'e}ville, 1902 and Apostictopterus Leech, [1893], originates around the time Hesperiinae Latreille, 1809 have split from their sister clade. A new subfamily Barcinae Grishin, subfam. n. sets them apart from all other Hesperiidae.",
keywords = "Africa, Asia, Genomics, Higher classification, Phylogeny",
author = "Jing Zhang and Qian Cong and Jinhui Shen and Ernst Brockmann and Grishin, {Nick V}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3897/zookeys.861.34686",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2019",
pages = "91--105",
journal = "ZooKeys",
issn = "1313-2989",
publisher = "Pensoft Publishers",
number = "861",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three new subfamilies of skipper butterflies (lepidoptera, hesperiidae)

AU - Zhang, Jing

AU - Cong, Qian

AU - Shen, Jinhui

AU - Brockmann, Ernst

AU - Grishin, Nick V

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We obtained and analyzed whole genome data for more than 160 representatives of skipper butterflies (family Hesperiidae) from all known subfamilies, tribes and most distinctive genera. We found that two genera, Katreus Watson, 1893 and Ortholexis Karsch, 1895, which are sisters, are well-separated from all other major phylogenetic lineages and originate near the base of the Hesperiidae tree, prior to the origin of some subfamilies. Due to this ancient origin compared to other subfamilies, this group is described as Katreinae Grishin, subfam. n. DNA sequencing of primary type specimens reveals that Ortholexis melichroptera Karsch, 1895 is not a female of Ortholexis holocausta Mabille, 1891, but instead a female of Ortholexis dimidia Holland, 1896. This finding establishes O. dimidia as a junior subjective synonym of O. melichroptera. Furthermore, we see that Chamunda Evans, 1949 does not originate within Pyrginae Burmeister, 1878, but, unexpectedly, forms an ancient lineage of its own at the subfamily rank: Chamundinae Grishin, subfam. n. Finally, a group of two sister genera, Barca de Nicéville, 1902 and Apostictopterus Leech, [1893], originates around the time Hesperiinae Latreille, 1809 have split from their sister clade. A new subfamily Barcinae Grishin, subfam. n. sets them apart from all other Hesperiidae.

AB - We obtained and analyzed whole genome data for more than 160 representatives of skipper butterflies (family Hesperiidae) from all known subfamilies, tribes and most distinctive genera. We found that two genera, Katreus Watson, 1893 and Ortholexis Karsch, 1895, which are sisters, are well-separated from all other major phylogenetic lineages and originate near the base of the Hesperiidae tree, prior to the origin of some subfamilies. Due to this ancient origin compared to other subfamilies, this group is described as Katreinae Grishin, subfam. n. DNA sequencing of primary type specimens reveals that Ortholexis melichroptera Karsch, 1895 is not a female of Ortholexis holocausta Mabille, 1891, but instead a female of Ortholexis dimidia Holland, 1896. This finding establishes O. dimidia as a junior subjective synonym of O. melichroptera. Furthermore, we see that Chamunda Evans, 1949 does not originate within Pyrginae Burmeister, 1878, but, unexpectedly, forms an ancient lineage of its own at the subfamily rank: Chamundinae Grishin, subfam. n. Finally, a group of two sister genera, Barca de Nicéville, 1902 and Apostictopterus Leech, [1893], originates around the time Hesperiinae Latreille, 1809 have split from their sister clade. A new subfamily Barcinae Grishin, subfam. n. sets them apart from all other Hesperiidae.

KW - Africa

KW - Asia

KW - Genomics

KW - Higher classification

KW - Phylogeny

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071635616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071635616&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3897/zookeys.861.34686

DO - 10.3897/zookeys.861.34686

M3 - Article

C2 - 31333327

AN - SCOPUS:85071635616

VL - 2019

SP - 91

EP - 105

JO - ZooKeys

JF - ZooKeys

SN - 1313-2989

IS - 861

ER -