Background - Thrombomodulin (TM) is expressed on the endothelial surface and plays an important role in vasoprotection. A common polymorphism of TM at amino acid position 455 with an alanine (A) to valine (V) transition was previously reported to be associated cross-sectionally with acute myocardial infarction. Whether this single nucleotide polymorphism predicts risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) is unclear. Methods and Results - Within a large cohort study, we identified 467 incident CHD cases during an average of 5 years of follow-up. We determined TM-455 genotypes on 376 CHD cases (23% black, 77% white) and a reference sample of 461. The AA genotype was significantly more prevalent in noncases than in cases (P=0.016). The prevalences of the AA genotype in noncase blacks and whites were 93% and 67%, respectively. The AA genotype frequency was significantly reduced in black cases versus noncases (P=0.018). It was also lower in white cases than in noncases, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.066). Weighted proportional hazards regression analysis after adjustment for age, sex, and other CHD risk factors showed that having the V allele increased risk of CHD by 6.l-fold (risk ratio 6.1, 95% CI 1.7 to 22.9) in blacks but did not significantly increase the risk in whites. Conclusions - The TM A455V polymorphism predicts risk of developing CHD in blacks.
- Coronary disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)