Purpose: The benefit of endovascular reperfusion therapy for acute ischemic stroke is highly time-dependent but the relation of delays in workflow with outcomes and the key determinants of delays remain uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the association between faster endovascular therapy and outcomes in a Chinese population with acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Patients treated with endovascular therapy within 7 h due to anterior large vessel occlusion were enrolled in the ANGEL-ACT registry. Time intervals from hospital arrival to arterial puncture (door-to-puncture), hospital arrival to reperfusion (door-to-reperfusion) and puncture-to-reperfusion were recorded. The outcomes included modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores 0–1, 0–2, mortality at 3 months, substantial reperfusion, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). Results: Of 932 patients receiving endovascular therapy (mean age 65.1 years, 60.1% male), the median door-to-puncture, door-to-reperfusion, and puncture-to-perfusion times were 110min (interquartile range, IQR 72–155min), 200min (IQR, 149–260min), and 76min (IQR, 50–118min). Of the patients 87.4% achieved substantial reperfusion and 9.6% had sICH. The mRS 0–1, 0–2, and mortality at 3 months were 39.8%, 43.2%, and 16.4%. Faster door-to-reperfusion and puncture-to-reperfusion were associated with higher likelihood of mRS 0–1, mRS 0–2, and lower rate of sICH. There was a trend of improved mRS, lower mortality, and fewer ICH with shorter door-to-puncture time; however, most differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke in routine clinical practice, shorter time to reperfusion was associated with better outcome after endovascular therapy. Standardized workflows and training in endovascular treatment techniques should be promoted nationally to reduce in-hospital delays.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology