Time to relapse questionnaire (TRQ): A measure of sudden relapse in substance dependence

Bryon Adinoff, Chelsea Talmadge, Mark J. Williams, Erica Schreffler, Patricia K. Jackley, Steven R. Krebaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Relapse may occur suddenly, following a short period of craving, or after extended consideration. The time to relapse may reveal underlying mechanisms of relapse and have important implications for treatment. Objective: The Time to Relapse Questionnaire (TRQ), a self-administered questionnaire, was designed to assess the time from the initial thought of drug use to actual use. Methods: Psychometric properties of the TRQ were evaluated in two distinct populations (n = 183 and 194) with DSM-IV primary substance use disorders. Results: Factor analysis and item refinement led to a 9-item TRQ with a three-factor solution accounting for 63% of the total variance. Three discrete types of relapse style were identified: Sudden Relapse, Short Delay Relapse, and Long Delay Relapse. The TRQ demonstrated good construct validity and adequate internal consistency for the total (α = .61) and individual factor (α = .64-.75) scores. Measures to assess convergent validity of the TRQ suggest that Sudden Relapse may not reflect more generalized deficits of inhibitory control. Conclusions and Significance: The TRQ may provide a useful self-report measure to discriminate between addicted patients who relapse without forewarning compared to those with a period of delay. Clinical interventions may be targeted towards different relapse styles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Fingerprint

Substance-Related Disorders
Recurrence
Surveys and Questionnaires
Psychometrics
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • Impulsive behaviour
  • Questionnaires
  • Recurrence
  • Substance-related disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Adinoff, B., Talmadge, C., Williams, M. J., Schreffler, E., Jackley, P. K., & Krebaum, S. R. (2010). Time to relapse questionnaire (TRQ): A measure of sudden relapse in substance dependence. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36(3), 140-149. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952991003736363

Time to relapse questionnaire (TRQ) : A measure of sudden relapse in substance dependence. / Adinoff, Bryon; Talmadge, Chelsea; Williams, Mark J.; Schreffler, Erica; Jackley, Patricia K.; Krebaum, Steven R.

In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Vol. 36, No. 3, 05.2010, p. 140-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adinoff, B, Talmadge, C, Williams, MJ, Schreffler, E, Jackley, PK & Krebaum, SR 2010, 'Time to relapse questionnaire (TRQ): A measure of sudden relapse in substance dependence', American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 140-149. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952991003736363
Adinoff, Bryon ; Talmadge, Chelsea ; Williams, Mark J. ; Schreffler, Erica ; Jackley, Patricia K. ; Krebaum, Steven R. / Time to relapse questionnaire (TRQ) : A measure of sudden relapse in substance dependence. In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 2010 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 140-149.
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