Objective There is cross-center variability with regard to timing repair of non-ductal-dependent tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). We hypothesized that earlier repair in the neonatal period is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of the Pediatric Health Information System of tetralogy of Fallot patients undergoing complete repair from 2004 through 2010 between the ages of 1 day to younger than 19 years. Patients with pulmonary valve atresia, those who received prostaglandin during hospital admission, and those who underwent prior shunt palliation were excluded. Results A total of 4698 patients met our inclusion criteria, of whom 202 were younger than 30 days old (group A), 861 were 31 to 90 days old (group B), 1796 were 91 to 180 days old (group C), and 1839 were older than 180 days (group D). In-hospital mortality, intensive care unit length of stay, and total hospital length of stay were significantly higher in group A. Patients in group A had a significantly increased postoperative requirement for mechanical ventilation, intravenous blood pressure support, medical diuresis, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, gastrostomy tube insertion, heart catheterization, and surgical revision. Significant institutional variability was noted for timing of TOF complete repair, with one third of the centers performing 75% of the repairs at younger than 30 days old. The institutional approach to timing TOF complete repair showed no relation to surgical volume. Conclusions Across all centers analyzed, primary neonatal elective TOF repair (<30 days of age) is associated with significantly higher postoperative in-hospital morbidity and mortality, although a few centers have shown an ability to use this strategy with excellent survivability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine