Purpose: To compare shunt patency and clinical outcomes in two groups of patients who received a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS): one group with bare stents and one with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene stent-grafts. Materials and Methods: TIPS were created with bare stents (n = 41) or stent-grafts (n = 40). Overall TIPS patency rates were compared between these two groups, as were clinical outcomes in patients with variceal bleeding and those with ascites. Results: In the bare stent group, primary shunt patency rates were 63%, 48%, and 24% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Secondary patency rates were 75% and 62% at 3 and 6 months, respectively. In the stent-graft group, primary patency rates were 94%, 67%, and 38% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Secondary patency rates were 100% and 92% at 3 and 6 months, respectively. All stent patency rates were higher in the stent-graft group, but only the difference in the 3-month primary patency rate (63% vs 94%) reached significance (P = .03). In patients with variceal bleeding as well as those with ascites, early and overall clinical success rates were higher in the stent-graft group, but only the 3-month and 12-month differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: TIPS created with stent-grafts had better 3-month primary patency rates and better 3-month and 12-month clinical success rates compared with those created with bare stents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine