The response of eosinophils (Eos) to respiratory virus has emerged as an important link between pulmonary infection and allergic asthmatic exacerbations. Eos activate innate immune responses through TLR signaling. In this study, using mouse and human Eos and mice lacking the prolyl isomerase Pin1 selectively in Eos, we show that Pin1 is indispensable for eosinophilopoiesis in the bone marrow (BM) and mature cell function in the presence of TLR7 activation. Unbiased in vivo analysis of mouse models of allergic airway inflammation revealed that TLR7 activation in knockout mice resulted in systemic loss of Eos, reduced IFN production, and an inability to clear respiratory viruses. Consistent with this finding, BM mouse Eos progenitors lacking Pin1 showed markedly reduced cell proliferation and survival after TLR7 activation. Mechanistically, unlike wild-type cells, Pin1 null mouse Eos were defective in the activation of the endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced unfolded protein response. We observed significant reductions in the expression of unfolded protein response components and target genes, aberrant TLR7 cleavage and trafficking, and reduced granule protein production in knockout Eos. Our data strongly suggest that Pin1 is required for BM Eos generation and function during concurrent allergen challenge and viral infection. The Journ Al of Immunology, 2018, 201: 3503-3513.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy