TMEM164 is a new determinant of autophagy-dependent ferroptosis

Jiao Liu, Yang Liu, Yuan Wang, Changfeng Li, Yangchun Xie, Daniel J. Klionsky, Rui Kang, Daolin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Macroautophagy (hereafter “autophagy”) is a membrane-mediated biological process that involves engulfing and delivering cytoplasmic components to lysosomes for degradation. In addition to autophagy’s pro-survival effect during nutrient starvation, excessive activation of autophagy machinery can also cause regulated cell death, especially iron-dependent ferroptosis. Here, we report a key role of TMEM164 (transmembrane protein 164) in selectively mediating ATG5 (autophagy related 5)-dependent autophagosome formation during ferroptosis, rather than during starvation. In contrast, the membrane protein ATG9A (autophagy-related 9A) is dispensable for the formation of autophagosomes during ferroptosis. TMEM164-mediated autophagy degrades ferritin, GPX4 (glutathione peroxidase 4), and lipid droplets to increase iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation, thereby promoting ferroptotic cell death. Consequently, the loss of TMEM164 limits the anticancer activity of ferroptosis-mediated cytotoxicity in mice. High TMEM164 expression is associated with improved survival and increased immune cell infiltration in patients with pancreatic cancer. These findings establish a new mode of autophagy-dependent ferroptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAutophagy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • cell death
  • ferroptosis
  • membrane protein
  • tumor immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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