Recombinant adenovirus-mediated gene therapy has demonstrated great promise for the delivery of genes to the pulmonary epithelium. However, dose- dependent inflammation and local immune responses abbreviate transgene expression. The purpose of these studies was to determine the role of TNF-α and individual TNF receptor signaling to adenovirus clearance and immune responses, and whether coexpression of human IL-10 could reduce inflammation and extend the duration of transgene expression in the lung. β-Galactosidase expression in mice receiving intratracheal instillation of Adv/β-gal (adenovirus construct expressing β-galactosidase) was transient (less than 14 days), but a significant early increase of β-galactosidase expression was seen in mice lacking either or both TNF-α receptors. Absence of TNF-α or the p55 receptor significantly attenuated the Ab response to both adenovirus and β-galactosidase. Human IL-10 expression in the lung suppressed local TNF-α production following AdV/hIL-10 (adenovirus construct expressing human IL-10) delivery, but did not lead to increased or prolonged transgene expression when coexpressed with β-galactosidase. Expression of human IL-10 following AdV/hIL-10 instillation extended at least 14 days, was nonimmunogenic, and suppressed the development of neutralizing Abs against adenoviral proteins as well as against human IL-10. We conclude that TNF-α signaling through both the p55 and p75 receptor plays important roles in the clearance of adenoviral vectors and the magnitude of the humoral immune response. Additionally, although coexpression of human IL-10 with β- galactosidase had only modest effects on transgene expression, we demonstrate that AdV/hIL-10 is well tolerated, has extended expression compared with β- galactosidase, and is nonimmunogenic in the lung.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy