Toll-like receptors: Linking innate and adaptive immunity

Chandrashekhar Pasare, Ruslan Medzhitov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

328 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Detection of and response to microbial infections by the immune system depends largely on a family of pattern-recognition receptors called Toll-like receptors (TLRs). These receptors recognize conserved molecular products derived from various classes of pathogens, including Gram-positive and -negative bacteria, DNA and RNA viruses, fungi and protozoa. Recognition of ligands by TLRs leads to a series of signaling events resulting in induction of acute responses necessary to kill the pathogen. TLRs are also responsible for the induction of dendritic cell maturation, which is responsible and necessary for initiation of adaptive immune responses. Although TLRs control induction of adaptive immunity, it is not clear at this point how responses are appropriately tailored by individual TLRs to the advantage of the host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1382-1387
Number of pages6
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume6
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Toll-Like Receptors
Adaptive Immunity
Innate Immunity
Pattern Recognition Receptors
DNA Viruses
RNA Viruses
Gram-Positive Bacteria
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Dendritic Cells
Immune System
Fungi
Ligands
Infection

Keywords

  • Auto-immunity
  • Dendritic cells
  • Suppresor T cells
  • Tolerance
  • Toll-like receptors (TLRs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Toll-like receptors : Linking innate and adaptive immunity. / Pasare, Chandrashekhar; Medzhitov, Ruslan.

In: Microbes and Infection, Vol. 6, No. 15, 2004, p. 1382-1387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pasare, Chandrashekhar ; Medzhitov, Ruslan. / Toll-like receptors : Linking innate and adaptive immunity. In: Microbes and Infection. 2004 ; Vol. 6, No. 15. pp. 1382-1387.
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