Topical Anesthesia for Line Insertion in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Olga C. Garcia, Samuel Reichberg, Luc P. Brion, Marjorie Schulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to assess the impact of topical lidocaine and prilocaine cream on the pain response of very low birth weight infants undergoing percutaneous central venous line insertion. STUDY DESIGN: Infants were randomly assigned to receive 1 to 1.25 gm of the topical anesthetic or to receive zinc oxide placebo 1 hour before line insertion. Investigators blinded to treatment group assignment obtained serial measurements of heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, and oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry. Toxicity from lidocaine was assessed by clinical parameters, and toxic effects from prilocaine were assessed by methemoglobin levels (normal range 0% to 4%). RESULTS: Heart rates increased significantly during line insertion in controls (n = 6) but not in treated patients (n = 7). Respiratory rates and blood pressure values increased significantly during line insertion in both groups. Oxygen saturation did not change significantly in either group. The percent of increase in heart and respiratory rates from baseline was attenuated in the treated patients compared with controls. Methemoglobin levels were 0.3% to 2.0% for the treated group and 0.3% to 0.7% for controls. CONCLUSION: The topical lidocaine and prilocaine cream application attenuated the lability of vital signs during line insertion in very low birth weight infants, with no evidence of toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-480
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume17
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1997

Fingerprint

Prilocaine
Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Respiratory Rate
Lidocaine
Methemoglobin
Anesthesia
Heart Rate
Blood Pressure
Oxygen
Zinc Oxide
Oximetry
Vital Signs
Poisons
Local Anesthetics
Reference Values
Placebos
Research Personnel
Pain
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Garcia, O. C., Reichberg, S., Brion, L. P., & Schulman, M. (1997). Topical Anesthesia for Line Insertion in Very Low Birth Weight Infants. Journal of Perinatology, 17(6), 477-480.

Topical Anesthesia for Line Insertion in Very Low Birth Weight Infants. / Garcia, Olga C.; Reichberg, Samuel; Brion, Luc P.; Schulman, Marjorie.

In: Journal of Perinatology, Vol. 17, No. 6, 11.1997, p. 477-480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garcia, OC, Reichberg, S, Brion, LP & Schulman, M 1997, 'Topical Anesthesia for Line Insertion in Very Low Birth Weight Infants', Journal of Perinatology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 477-480.
Garcia, Olga C. ; Reichberg, Samuel ; Brion, Luc P. ; Schulman, Marjorie. / Topical Anesthesia for Line Insertion in Very Low Birth Weight Infants. In: Journal of Perinatology. 1997 ; Vol. 17, No. 6. pp. 477-480.
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