Topoisomerase II activity was measured in wild-type, Chinese hamster ovary K1 cells, and in the DNA double-strand break repair deficient xrs-6 cell line. Total topoisomerase II activity in a high salt, nuclear extract was found to be the same in both cell lines, as measured by decatenation of kinetoplast DNA networks and catenation of plasmid pBr322 DNA. While at low drug concentrations m-AMSA-induced enzyme cutting of nuclear DNA was 25% less in xrs-6 cells, the frequency of DNA breaks at high concentrations of the drug, and thus the frequency of the topoisomerase II enzyme, was the same in both cell lines. Despite the presence of equivalent enzyme levels in both cell lines, the xrs-6 cell line was 3 times more sensitive to drug-induced cytotoxicity. These results may be due to the fact that, as with X-radiation-induced DNA damage, xrs-6 cells are deficient in the capacity to rejoin topoisomerase II-induced DNA double-strand breaks.
- Chinese hamster ovary cell line
- DNA double-strand break repair
- Topoisomerase II
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology