Total contact casting in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcerations

P. A. Helm, S. C. Walker, G. Pullium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated total contact casting in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcerations and factors affecting the rate of ulcer healing. Twenty-two diabetic patients with foot ulcerations were rated on the basis of age, weight, ulcer size, and ulcer grade. After treatment with total contact casting, 16 patients (72.7%) healed in an average of 38.3 days, 3 refused treatment, 1 developed a small tibial ulceration, and the remainder were discontinued due to excessive edema. A significant (p < 0.01) t test for differences between means was calculated comparing ulcer duration prior to casting to healing rate during casting. All patient variables were intercorrelated, and significant (p < 0.01) intercorrelations among patient variables were as follows: age with grade, 0.58; grade with healing time, 0.49; size with healing time, 0.50; age with ulcer size, 0.36; weight with ulcer size, 0.37; age with healing time, 0.32. A multiple correlation of 0.69 (p < 0.01) was found for age, grade, size, and weight with healing time. Ulcer grade and size contributed most directly to the total multiple correlation; age contributed equally to size, grade, and healing time; and weight contributed primarily to ulcer size. These results suggest the following: 1) total contact casting is an extremely valuable method of treatment for diabetic foot ulcerations, and 2) when using this treatment technique associated factors (ulcer size, ulcer grade, patient age, patient weight) may be utilized to help predict patient healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-693
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume65
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Ulcer
Foot
Weights and Measures
Diabetic Foot
Therapeutics
Edema

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Total contact casting in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcerations. / Helm, P. A.; Walker, S. C.; Pullium, G.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 65, No. 11, 1984, p. 691-693.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Helm, P. A. ; Walker, S. C. ; Pullium, G. / Total contact casting in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcerations. In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1984 ; Vol. 65, No. 11. pp. 691-693.
@article{d1528e0740ec4c0892cc79ba7fb6850c,
title = "Total contact casting in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcerations",
abstract = "This study investigated total contact casting in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcerations and factors affecting the rate of ulcer healing. Twenty-two diabetic patients with foot ulcerations were rated on the basis of age, weight, ulcer size, and ulcer grade. After treatment with total contact casting, 16 patients (72.7{\%}) healed in an average of 38.3 days, 3 refused treatment, 1 developed a small tibial ulceration, and the remainder were discontinued due to excessive edema. A significant (p < 0.01) t test for differences between means was calculated comparing ulcer duration prior to casting to healing rate during casting. All patient variables were intercorrelated, and significant (p < 0.01) intercorrelations among patient variables were as follows: age with grade, 0.58; grade with healing time, 0.49; size with healing time, 0.50; age with ulcer size, 0.36; weight with ulcer size, 0.37; age with healing time, 0.32. A multiple correlation of 0.69 (p < 0.01) was found for age, grade, size, and weight with healing time. Ulcer grade and size contributed most directly to the total multiple correlation; age contributed equally to size, grade, and healing time; and weight contributed primarily to ulcer size. These results suggest the following: 1) total contact casting is an extremely valuable method of treatment for diabetic foot ulcerations, and 2) when using this treatment technique associated factors (ulcer size, ulcer grade, patient age, patient weight) may be utilized to help predict patient healing.",
author = "Helm, {P. A.} and Walker, {S. C.} and G. Pullium",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "65",
pages = "691--693",
journal = "Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0003-9993",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Total contact casting in diabetic patients with neuropathic foot ulcerations

AU - Helm, P. A.

AU - Walker, S. C.

AU - Pullium, G.

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - This study investigated total contact casting in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcerations and factors affecting the rate of ulcer healing. Twenty-two diabetic patients with foot ulcerations were rated on the basis of age, weight, ulcer size, and ulcer grade. After treatment with total contact casting, 16 patients (72.7%) healed in an average of 38.3 days, 3 refused treatment, 1 developed a small tibial ulceration, and the remainder were discontinued due to excessive edema. A significant (p < 0.01) t test for differences between means was calculated comparing ulcer duration prior to casting to healing rate during casting. All patient variables were intercorrelated, and significant (p < 0.01) intercorrelations among patient variables were as follows: age with grade, 0.58; grade with healing time, 0.49; size with healing time, 0.50; age with ulcer size, 0.36; weight with ulcer size, 0.37; age with healing time, 0.32. A multiple correlation of 0.69 (p < 0.01) was found for age, grade, size, and weight with healing time. Ulcer grade and size contributed most directly to the total multiple correlation; age contributed equally to size, grade, and healing time; and weight contributed primarily to ulcer size. These results suggest the following: 1) total contact casting is an extremely valuable method of treatment for diabetic foot ulcerations, and 2) when using this treatment technique associated factors (ulcer size, ulcer grade, patient age, patient weight) may be utilized to help predict patient healing.

AB - This study investigated total contact casting in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcerations and factors affecting the rate of ulcer healing. Twenty-two diabetic patients with foot ulcerations were rated on the basis of age, weight, ulcer size, and ulcer grade. After treatment with total contact casting, 16 patients (72.7%) healed in an average of 38.3 days, 3 refused treatment, 1 developed a small tibial ulceration, and the remainder were discontinued due to excessive edema. A significant (p < 0.01) t test for differences between means was calculated comparing ulcer duration prior to casting to healing rate during casting. All patient variables were intercorrelated, and significant (p < 0.01) intercorrelations among patient variables were as follows: age with grade, 0.58; grade with healing time, 0.49; size with healing time, 0.50; age with ulcer size, 0.36; weight with ulcer size, 0.37; age with healing time, 0.32. A multiple correlation of 0.69 (p < 0.01) was found for age, grade, size, and weight with healing time. Ulcer grade and size contributed most directly to the total multiple correlation; age contributed equally to size, grade, and healing time; and weight contributed primarily to ulcer size. These results suggest the following: 1) total contact casting is an extremely valuable method of treatment for diabetic foot ulcerations, and 2) when using this treatment technique associated factors (ulcer size, ulcer grade, patient age, patient weight) may be utilized to help predict patient healing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021715068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021715068&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 65

SP - 691

EP - 693

JO - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

JF - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

SN - 0003-9993

IS - 11

ER -