Seventy-two cementless total hip arthroplasties were performed by a single surgeon in 58 patients with the diagnosis of femoral head osteonecrosis. All patients were less than 50 years old (mean, 37 years). The mean follow-up was 84 months with a minimum of 48 months. Good-to-excellent results were maintained at final follow-up in 94% of the hips. Revision rate was 1.5% each for the cups and the stems. Mechanical failure rate was 7.6% for the cups, and 6% for the stems. If the results were analyzed excluding the data from the group of patients who received the Mittelmeier prostheses, the mechanical failure rates for the cups was 0% and for the stems was 4.2%. The probability of survival for the entire series using revision as the endpoint was 96.9% at 11 years. Survival probability decreased to 88.5% if radiographic failures were included. Excluding the Mittelmeier prostheses, survival probability was estimated to be 100% for the cups using both revision and radiographic failures as endpoints; for the stems, the survival probability was 98.0% using revision as the endpoint and 95.8% including radiographic failures. Femoral osteolysis was observed in 1.5% of the hips. No hip had acetabular osteolysis. No measurements of polyethylene wear were attempted in this study. These results appeared superior to total hip arthroplasties done with early cementing techniques in this population of young patients with femoral head osteonecrosis.
- 50 years old
- Total hip arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine