Objective: To review the long-term results of an intraoperative decision to repair or not repair associated vault and posterior compartment defects after total hysterectomy (TH) and anterior vaginal wall suspension (AVWS) for uterine and bladder prolapses. Methods: After gaining Institutional Review Board approval, the operative records of women receiving TH and AVWS concurrently with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months were reviewed. Two groups were identified: Group 1 (G1) underwent TH+AVWS and intraoperative apical and/or posterior repairs, and Group 2 (G2) had TH+AVWS alone. The definition of prolapse recurrence was Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification≥Stage 2 and/or any reoperation for prolapse. Results: From 1998 to 2009, a total of 94 women were evaluated. At the mean 3 years follow-up, the rates of overall prolapse recurrence following initial surgeries between G1 and G2 were 30% and 24%, respectively. Additional operative repair for G1 and G2 was 18.5% and 16%, respectively. The progression rate for both groups was < 8%. The overall success for G1 and G2 was 70% and 76%, respectively. Conclusion: At long-term follow-up, nearly one in five apical recurrences in these two surgical groups was observed with stable results in the anterior compartment. The posterior compartment required the least surgical intervention.
- Anterior vaginal wall suspension
- Pelvic organ prolapse
- Prolapse recurrence
ASJC Scopus subject areas