Total Lesion Glycolysis on 18F-FDG PET/CT Is a Better Prognostic Factor Than Tumor Dose on 90Y PET/CT in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated With 90Y Transarterial Radioembolization

Sang Hyun Hwang, Hye Suk Hong, Dongwoo Kim, Gyoung Min Kim, Hye Won Lee, Misu Lee, Do Young Kim, Mi Ae Park, Mijin Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic parameters on 18F-FDG PET/CT and tumor dose (TD) on posttreatment 90Y PET/CT in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent 90Y transarterial radioembolization (TARE). Patients and Methods Forty-seven HCC patients treated with 90Y TARE were retrospectively enrolled between January 2013 and October 2018. 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed before treatment. Maximum tumor SUV-to-mean normal liver SUV ratio (TLR), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured for each patient. Voxel dosimetry was performed on 90Y PET/CT images to measure TD. The prognostic significance of metabolic parameters on 18F-FDG PET/CT, TD on 90Y PET/CT, and clinical factors for overall survival (OS) was evaluated. In addition, TD on 90Y PET/CT was analyzed in relation to the administered dose of 90Y-labeled microspheres and metabolic parameters on 18F-FDG PET/CT. Results The median patient age was 57 years, and 37 patients (78.7%) were men. During the follow-up period, 25 patients (53.2%) died. In univariable analysis, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C, Child-Pugh score, TD on 90Y PET/CT, TLR, MTV, and TLG were significant prognostic factors affecting OS (P < 0.05). In multivariable analysis, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C and high TLG on 18F-FDG PET/CT were independent prognostic factors for OS (P < 0.05). The 1-year OS rates were 72.9% in patients with low TLG and 33.3% in patients with high TLG (P < 0.05). We also found that TD on 90Y PET/CT was not correlated with the administered dose of 90Y-labeled microspheres, but negatively correlated with TLG on pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT (P < 0.05). Conclusions TLG, a parameter incorporating both the degree of 18F-FDG uptake and amount of metabolically active tumor volume on pretreatment 18F-FDG PET/CT, is a better prognostic factor than TD on 90Y PET/CT for predicting OS in HCC patients treated with 90Y TARE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E437-E443
JournalClinical nuclear medicine
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • F-FDG PET/CT
  • dosimetry
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • metabolic tumor volume
  • total lesion glycolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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