Tracheostomy in children

Emily F. Rudnick, Ron B. Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Key Points: Children needing a tracheostomy are more likely to be less than one year of age. Tracheostomy is indicated in children for one of three reasons: Prolonged ventilator dependence (usually due to lung disease of prematurity) Upper airway obstruction (including congenital, acquired, and craniofacial etiologies) Increased need for pulmonary toilet (underlying neurological disease) Management of a tracheostomy in a child requires an interdisciplinary team of medical professionals who can assist with postoperative care, education, and therapy for the child and his or her family. Tracheostomy-related deaths have decreased in incidence, but still occur in up to 4% of children most commonly due to mucous plugging or accidental decannulation. Long-term complications of tracheostomy include tracheostomal granulation and persistent tracheocutaneous fistula after decannulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician
PublisherHumana Press
Pages159-163
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781588295422
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Tracheostomy
Postoperative Care
Airway Obstruction
Mechanical Ventilators
Disease Management
Lung Diseases
Fistula
Education
Lung
Incidence

Keywords

  • tracheostomy
  • tracheotomy
  • ventilator dependence • neonatal tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rudnick, E. F., & Mitchell, R. B. (2009). Tracheostomy in children. In Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician (pp. 159-163). Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-127-1_20

Tracheostomy in children. / Rudnick, Emily F.; Mitchell, Ron B.

Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Humana Press, 2009. p. 159-163.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Rudnick, EF & Mitchell, RB 2009, Tracheostomy in children. in Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Humana Press, pp. 159-163. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-127-1_20
Rudnick EF, Mitchell RB. Tracheostomy in children. In Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Humana Press. 2009. p. 159-163 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-127-1_20
Rudnick, Emily F. ; Mitchell, Ron B. / Tracheostomy in children. Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician. Humana Press, 2009. pp. 159-163
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