Tracheostomy in children

Emily F. Rudnick, Ron B. Mitchell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Key Points: Children needing a tracheostomy are more likely to be less than one year of age. Tracheostomy is indicated in children for one of three reasons: Prolonged ventilator dependence (usually due to lung disease of prematurity) Upper airway obstruction (including congenital, acquired, and craniofacial etiologies) Increased need for pulmonary toilet (underlying neurological disease) Management of a tracheostomy in a child requires an interdisciplinary team of medical professionals who can assist with postoperative care, education, and therapy for the child and his or her family. Tracheostomy-related deaths have decreased in incidence, but still occur in up to 4% of children most commonly due to mucous plugging or accidental decannulation. Long-term complications of tracheostomy include tracheostomal granulation and persistent tracheocutaneous fistula after decannulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician
PublisherHumana Press
Pages159-163
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781588295422
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Keywords

  • tracheostomy
  • tracheotomy
  • ventilator dependence • neonatal tracheostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rudnick, E. F., & Mitchell, R. B. (2009). Tracheostomy in children. In Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician (pp. 159-163). Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-127-1_20