Trajectories of Posttraumatic Growth and Associated Characteristics in Women with Breast Cancer

Suzanne C. Danhauer, Greg Russell, L. Douglas Case, Stephanie J. Sohl, Richard G. Tedeschi, Elizabeth L. Addington, Kelli Triplett, Kimberly J. Van Zee, Elizabeth Z. Naftalis, Beverly Levine, Nancy E. Avis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cancer survivors may experience posttraumatic growth (PTG), positive psychological changes resulting from highly stressful events; however, the longitudinal course of PTG is poorly understood. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine trajectories of PTG in breast cancer survivors and associated characteristics. Methods: Women (N = 653) participating in a longitudinal observational study completed questionnaires within 8 months of breast cancer diagnosis and 6, 12, and 18 months later. Group-based modeling identified PTG trajectories. Chi-square tests and ANOVA detected group differences in demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables. Results: Six trajectory groups emerged. Three were stable at different levels of PTG, two increased modestly, and one increased substantially over time. Trajectory groups differed by age, race, receipt of chemotherapy, illness intrusiveness, depressive symptoms, active-adaptive coping, and social support. Conclusions: This first examination of PTG trajectories in US cancer survivors elucidates heterogeneity in longitudinal patterns of PTG. Future research should determine whether other samples exhibit similar trajectories and whether various PTG trajectories predict mental and physical health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-659
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2015

Fingerprint

Breast Neoplasms
Growth
Survivors
Chi-Square Distribution
Social Support
Observational Studies
Longitudinal Studies
Neoplasms
Analysis of Variance
Mental Health
Age Groups
Demography
Depression
Psychology
Drug Therapy

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Longitudinal
  • Posttraumatic growth
  • Trajectory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Danhauer, S. C., Russell, G., Case, L. D., Sohl, S. J., Tedeschi, R. G., Addington, E. L., ... Avis, N. E. (2015). Trajectories of Posttraumatic Growth and Associated Characteristics in Women with Breast Cancer. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 49(5), 650-659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9696-1

Trajectories of Posttraumatic Growth and Associated Characteristics in Women with Breast Cancer. / Danhauer, Suzanne C.; Russell, Greg; Case, L. Douglas; Sohl, Stephanie J.; Tedeschi, Richard G.; Addington, Elizabeth L.; Triplett, Kelli; Van Zee, Kimberly J.; Naftalis, Elizabeth Z.; Levine, Beverly; Avis, Nancy E.

In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 5, 10.10.2015, p. 650-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Danhauer, SC, Russell, G, Case, LD, Sohl, SJ, Tedeschi, RG, Addington, EL, Triplett, K, Van Zee, KJ, Naftalis, EZ, Levine, B & Avis, NE 2015, 'Trajectories of Posttraumatic Growth and Associated Characteristics in Women with Breast Cancer', Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 650-659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9696-1
Danhauer, Suzanne C. ; Russell, Greg ; Case, L. Douglas ; Sohl, Stephanie J. ; Tedeschi, Richard G. ; Addington, Elizabeth L. ; Triplett, Kelli ; Van Zee, Kimberly J. ; Naftalis, Elizabeth Z. ; Levine, Beverly ; Avis, Nancy E. / Trajectories of Posttraumatic Growth and Associated Characteristics in Women with Breast Cancer. In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 49, No. 5. pp. 650-659.
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