Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: Efficiency and Safety Improvements With Progressive Experience and Improved Technology

Seyed Hossein Aalaei-Andabili, R. David Anderson, Anthony A. Bavry, Teng C. Lee, Siddharth Wayangankar, George J. Arnaoutakis, Thomas M. Beaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is now commercially available for intermediate-risk, high-risk, or inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis. In this study, we investigated change in the safety and efficiency of the transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedure at our institution and patient outcomes comparing our first 100, second 100, and last 100 patients. Methods: From March 2012 to June 2016, 544 patients underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement at our center. Three hundred patients were selected for this study and were categorized in the following three groups: group A, first to 100th patient; group B, 101st to 200th patient; and group C, 444th to 544th patient. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were collected. Results: Three hundred patients, 162 male (54%) male and 138 female (46%) with a mean ± SD age of 79.10 ± 8.93 years and mean ± SD society of thoracic surgeons' risk score of 7.47 ± 0.76 were included. Fluoroscopy time, operation time, and incision time significantly decreased form group A to group C (all P < 0.05). Mean of contrast volume was also the highest in group A and the lowest in group C (P < 0.001). Acute kidney injury rate was 26% (n = 26) in group A versus 23% (n = 23) in group B (P = 0.743), and only one patient in group C (group C vs. group B, P < 0.001). Strokes declined over time: five (5%) stroke in group A; two (2%) stroke in group B, and no patient in group C (group C vs. group B, P = 0.1, and group C vs. group A, P = 0.059). In-hospital mortality was 5% (n = 5) in group A, 4% (n = 4) in group B, and 1% in group C (P = 0.21). Conclusions: Progressive experience and technology advances with transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedures improved operators' expertise, making the transcatheter aortic valve replacement more efficient and safer over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Learning curve
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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