Transcription termination in vitro at the tryptophan operon attenuator is controlled by secondary structures in the leader transcript.

I. Stroynowski, M. Kuroda, C. Yanofsky

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of alternative RNA secondary structures in regulating transcription termination at the attenuator of the tryptophan (trp) operon of Serratia marcescens was examined in vitro by transcribing mutant DNA templates having deletions of different segments of the trp leader region. Deletions that removed sequences corresponding to successive segments of postulated RNA secondary structures either increased or decreased transcription termination at the attenuator. The results obtained are consistent with the hypothesis that transcription termination results from RNA polymerase recognition of a particular RNA secondary structure, the terminator. This structure forms only in the absence of an alternative, preceding, RNA secondary structure, the antiterminator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2206-2210
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume80
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1983

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Operon
Tryptophan
RNA
Serratia marcescens
Sequence Deletion
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
In Vitro Techniques
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "The role of alternative RNA secondary structures in regulating transcription termination at the attenuator of the tryptophan (trp) operon of Serratia marcescens was examined in vitro by transcribing mutant DNA templates having deletions of different segments of the trp leader region. Deletions that removed sequences corresponding to successive segments of postulated RNA secondary structures either increased or decreased transcription termination at the attenuator. The results obtained are consistent with the hypothesis that transcription termination results from RNA polymerase recognition of a particular RNA secondary structure, the terminator. This structure forms only in the absence of an alternative, preceding, RNA secondary structure, the antiterminator.",
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AU - Stroynowski, I.

AU - Kuroda, M.

AU - Yanofsky, C.

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N2 - The role of alternative RNA secondary structures in regulating transcription termination at the attenuator of the tryptophan (trp) operon of Serratia marcescens was examined in vitro by transcribing mutant DNA templates having deletions of different segments of the trp leader region. Deletions that removed sequences corresponding to successive segments of postulated RNA secondary structures either increased or decreased transcription termination at the attenuator. The results obtained are consistent with the hypothesis that transcription termination results from RNA polymerase recognition of a particular RNA secondary structure, the terminator. This structure forms only in the absence of an alternative, preceding, RNA secondary structure, the antiterminator.

AB - The role of alternative RNA secondary structures in regulating transcription termination at the attenuator of the tryptophan (trp) operon of Serratia marcescens was examined in vitro by transcribing mutant DNA templates having deletions of different segments of the trp leader region. Deletions that removed sequences corresponding to successive segments of postulated RNA secondary structures either increased or decreased transcription termination at the attenuator. The results obtained are consistent with the hypothesis that transcription termination results from RNA polymerase recognition of a particular RNA secondary structure, the terminator. This structure forms only in the absence of an alternative, preceding, RNA secondary structure, the antiterminator.

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