Our study revealed that DCs shape distinct pathogen-specific CD4 T cell transcriptome and from which, we discovered an unexpected role for T-cell-intrinsic caspase-1 in promoting Th17 differentiation. ABSTRACT Dendritic cells (DCs) are critical for priming and differentiation of pathogen-specific CD4 T cells. However, to what extent innate cues from DCs dictate transcriptional changes in T cells leading to effector heterogeneity remains elusive. Here we have used an in vitro approach to prime naïve CD4 T cells by DCs stimulated with distinct pathogens. We have found that such pathogen-primed CD4 T cells express unique transcriptional profiles dictated by the nature of the priming pathogen. In contrast to cytokine-polarized Th17 cells that display signatures of terminal differentiation, pathogen-primed Th17 cells maintain a high degree of heterogeneity and plasticity. Further analysis identified caspase-1 as one of the genes upregulated only in pathogen-primed Th17 cells but not in cytokine-polarized Th17 cells. T-cell-intrinsic caspase-1, independent of its function in inflammasome, is critical for inducing optimal pathogen-driven Th17 responses. More importantly, T cells lacking caspase-1 fail to induce colitis following transfer into RAG-deficient mice, further demonstrating the importance of caspase-1 for the development of pathogenic Th17 cells in vivo. This study underlines the importance of DC-mediated priming in identifying novel regulators of T cell differentiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)