Transcriptomic and metabolomic profiling of long-lived growth hormone releasing hormone knock-out mice: Evidence for altered mitochondrial function and amino acid metabolism

Jessica M. Hoffman, Aliza Poonawalla, Mert Icyuz, William R. Swindell, Landon Wilson, Stephen Barnes, Liou Y. Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerous genetic manipulations that extend lifespan in mice have been discovered over the past two decades, the most robust of which has arguably been the down regulation of growth hormone (GH) signaling. However, while decreased GH signaling has been associated with improved health and lifespan, many of the underlying physiological changes and molecular mechanisms associated with GH signaling have yet to be elucidated. To this end, we have completed the first transcriptomic and metabolomic study on long-lived growth hormone releasing hormone knockout (GHRH-KO) and wild-type mice in brown adipose tissue (transcriptomics) and blood serum (metabolomics). We find that GHRH-KO mice have increased transcript levels of mitochondrial and amino acid genes with decreased levels of extracellular matrix genes. Concurrently, mitochondrial metabolites are differentially regulated in GHRH-KO. Furthermore, we find a strong signal of genotype-by-sex interactions, suggesting the sexes have differing physiological responses to GH deficiency. Overall, our results point towards a strong influence of mitochondrial metabolism in GHRH-KO mice which potentially is tightly intertwined with their extended lifespan phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3473-3485
Number of pages13
JournalAging
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 29 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Growth hormone
  • Metabolite
  • Mouse
  • Transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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