Transmission dynamics of heritable silencing induced by double-stranded RNA in Caenorhabditis elegans

Rosa M. Alcazar, Rueyling Lin, Andrew Z. Fire

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Abstract

Heritable silencing effects are gene suppression phenomena that can persist for generations after induction. In the majority of RNAi experiments conducted in Caenorhabditis elegans, the silencing response results in a hypomorphic phenotype where the effects recede after the F1 generation. F 2 and subsequent generations revert to the original phenotype. Specific examples of transgenerational RNAi in which effects persist to the F2 generation and beyond have been described. In this study, we describe a systematic pedigree-based analysis of heritable silencing processes resulting from initiation of interference targeted at the C. elegans oocyte maturation factor oma-1. Heritable silencing of oma-1 is a dose-dependent process where the inheritance of the silencing factor is unequally distributed among the population. Heritability is not constant over generational time, with silenced populations appearing to undergo a bottleneck three to four generations following microinjection of RNA. Transmission of silencing through these generations can be through either maternal or paternal gamete lines and is surprisingly more effective through the male gametic line. Genetic linkage tests reveal that silencing in the early generations is transmitted independently of the original targeted locus, in a manner indicative of a diffusible epigenetic element.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1275-1288
Number of pages14
JournalGenetics
Volume180
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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