Transport of purine bases and nucleosides by a variety of mammalian cell lines is generally accomplished by facilitated diffusion, a non-concentrative, saturable process. However, previous investigators have been unable to detect a saturable component for the transport of hypoxanthine by human fibroblasts deficient in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, implying that in normal cells the enzyme actively participates in transport. In the present study we have used the phenomenon of countertransport to demonstrate the existence of a saturable transport mechanism in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient human diploid skin fibroblasts.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology