Traumatic coronary artery-cameral fistulas (TCAF) are uncommon sequelae of trauma that require early surgical intervention to prevent complications. The etiology of traumatic coronary artery-cameral fistulas may be classified as accidental or iatrogenic and have distinctly different courses depending on the etiology. The two operations described for definitive surgical closure of a traumatic coronary-cameral fistula are external ligation/obliteration of the fistula (with or without bypass grafting to the coronary artery distal to the fistula) and direct repair of the fistula from within the recipient chamber. The technique of fistula closure from within the recipient chamber is associated with a reduced incidence of fistula recurrence. A case report and a collective literature review are presented. (C) 2000 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine