Treatment of femur fracture with associated vascular injury

Adam J. Starr, John L. Hunt, Charles M. Reinert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine (1) if internal fixation was associated with a high amputation rate in patients with femur fracture and vascular injury; and (2) if patients who underwent internal fixation before vascular repair had a higher amputation rate. Design: This is a retrospective analysis. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six patients requiring femoral stabilization with injury to the superficial femoral artery, popliteal artery, or common femoral vein were studied. The Injury Severity Score and the Mangled Extremity Severity Score were calculated for each. Nineteen patients underwent internal fixation. Ten patients had internal fixation before vascular repair. Results: Sixteen of 19 patients treated with internal fixation had limb salvage. Nine of 10 patients who had internal fixation before vascular repair had limb salvage. Poor outcomes (gangrene, amputation, or death) were associated with a Mangled Extremity Severity Score ≥6 (p = 0.005). Conclusions: In these patients, poor outcome is associated with severe leg injury, (with a Mangled Extremity Severity Score of ≥6). Internal fixation can be safely used, and skeletal stabilization can be safely performed before vascular repair. If ischemic time is prolonged, vascular shunts should be used until skeletal stabilization is completed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-21
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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