We reviewed an experience with treatment of peripancreatic fluid collections in patients with complicated acute pancreatitis to identify clinical and computed tomography (CT) parameters that are helpful in the selection of patients for treatment and to assess treatment outcome. The extent of CT abnormalities determined a CT severity score (mild=1, severe=4). From 1985 to 1990, 650 patients were hospitalized with acute pancreatitis; a peripancreatic fluid collection was found in 36 patients (5.5 percent). Ten of 11 patients with successful outcome after no invasive treatment (group 1) had a low CT severity score of 1 or 2; mean serum albumin was 4.0 gram percent. Of 25 patients who had some form of drainage, 12 had a high CT severity score of 3 or 4 (p<0.05) and a mean serum albumin of 3.4 grams percent (p<0.05). Nine patients had only operative drainage (group 2) and 16 had CT-directed percutaneous catheter drainage (group 3). In group 3, percutaneous catheter drainage successfully drained the fluid collection in six patients, while ten patients needed an operation, in addition to percutaneous drainage, to effectively debride and drain the necrotizing pancreatic problem. As a result of the current review, we propose an algorithm for treatment of these patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology