Trends and characteristics of hospitalizations for heart failure in the United States from 2004 to 2018

Husam M. Salah, Abdul Mannan Khan Minhas, Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Safi U. Khan, Andrew P. Ambrosy, Vanessa Blumer, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Stephen J. Greene, Ambarish Pandey, Marat Fudim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Aims: Hospitalization for heart failure (HF) constitutes a major healthcare and economic burden. Trends and characteristics of hospitalizations for HF for the recent years are not clear. We sought to determine the trends and characteristics of hospitalization for HF in the United States. Method and results: A retrospective analysis of the National Inpatient Sample weighted data between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2018, which included hospitalized adults ≥ 18 years with primary discharge diagnosis of HF using International Classification of Diseases-9/10 administrative codes. Main outcomes were trends in hospitalizations for HF (per 1000 person) and inpatient mortality (%) between 2004 and 2018. Conclusions: Hospitalizations for HF have been increasing across both sexes and age groups since 2013, whereas inpatient mortality has been decreasing over the study period. Blacks have the highest risk of hospitalization for HF, and Whites have the highest in-hospital mortality. There are significant racial and geographic disparities related to hospitalizations for HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)947-952
Number of pages6
JournalESC Heart Failure
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Age
  • Characteristics
  • Heart failure
  • Hospitalizations
  • Mortality
  • Race
  • Season
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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