Trends in age and red blood cell donation habits among several racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States

Mark H. Yazer, Ralph Vassallo, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S. Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Leo van de Watering, Beth H. Shaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To meet the needs of a diverse patient population, an adequate supply of red blood cells (RBCs) from ethnic/racial minority donors is essential. We previously described the 10-year changes in minority blood donation in the United States. This study describes donation patterns by donor status, age, and race/ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on the age and the number of unique black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, and white RBC donors were obtained from eight US blood collectors for 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Donors self-identified their race/ethnicity. First-time (FT) and repeat (R) donors were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Overall, for both FT and R donor groups, whites constituted the majority of unique donors (FT 66.7% and R 82.7%) and also donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (FT 66.6% and R 83.8%). Donors less than 20 years old comprised the greatest proportion of FT donors for all racial/ethnic groups (39.2%) and had the highest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.12) among FT donors. Conversely, R donors less than 20 years old had some of the lowest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.55) among R donors, whereas R donors at least 60 years old had the highest mean (1.88). Year by year, the percentage of FT donors who were less than 20 years old increased for all race/ethnicities. For R donors, whites were more frequently older, while Hispanics/Latinos and Asians were younger. CONCLUSIONS: Greater efforts to convert FT donors less than 20 years into R donors should be undertaken to ensure the continued diversity of the blood supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTransfusion
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

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Minority Groups
Blood Donors
Ethnic Groups
Habits
Erythrocytes
Tissue Donors
Hispanic Americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

Cite this

Trends in age and red blood cell donation habits among several racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. / Yazer, Mark H.; Vassallo, Ralph; Delaney, Meghan; Germain, Marc; Karafin, Matthew S.; Sayers, Merlyn; van de Watering, Leo; Shaz, Beth H.

In: Transfusion, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yazer, Mark H. ; Vassallo, Ralph ; Delaney, Meghan ; Germain, Marc ; Karafin, Matthew S. ; Sayers, Merlyn ; van de Watering, Leo ; Shaz, Beth H. / Trends in age and red blood cell donation habits among several racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. In: Transfusion. 2017.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: To meet the needs of a diverse patient population, an adequate supply of red blood cells (RBCs) from ethnic/racial minority donors is essential. We previously described the 10-year changes in minority blood donation in the United States. This study describes donation patterns by donor status, age, and race/ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on the age and the number of unique black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, and white RBC donors were obtained from eight US blood collectors for 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Donors self-identified their race/ethnicity. First-time (FT) and repeat (R) donors were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Overall, for both FT and R donor groups, whites constituted the majority of unique donors (FT 66.7{\%} and R 82.7{\%}) and also donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (FT 66.6{\%} and R 83.8{\%}). Donors less than 20 years old comprised the greatest proportion of FT donors for all racial/ethnic groups (39.2{\%}) and had the highest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.12) among FT donors. Conversely, R donors less than 20 years old had some of the lowest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.55) among R donors, whereas R donors at least 60 years old had the highest mean (1.88). Year by year, the percentage of FT donors who were less than 20 years old increased for all race/ethnicities. For R donors, whites were more frequently older, while Hispanics/Latinos and Asians were younger. CONCLUSIONS: Greater efforts to convert FT donors less than 20 years into R donors should be undertaken to ensure the continued diversity of the blood supply.",
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AU - Yazer, Mark H.

AU - Vassallo, Ralph

AU - Delaney, Meghan

AU - Germain, Marc

AU - Karafin, Matthew S.

AU - Sayers, Merlyn

AU - van de Watering, Leo

AU - Shaz, Beth H.

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N2 - BACKGROUND: To meet the needs of a diverse patient population, an adequate supply of red blood cells (RBCs) from ethnic/racial minority donors is essential. We previously described the 10-year changes in minority blood donation in the United States. This study describes donation patterns by donor status, age, and race/ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on the age and the number of unique black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, and white RBC donors were obtained from eight US blood collectors for 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Donors self-identified their race/ethnicity. First-time (FT) and repeat (R) donors were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Overall, for both FT and R donor groups, whites constituted the majority of unique donors (FT 66.7% and R 82.7%) and also donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (FT 66.6% and R 83.8%). Donors less than 20 years old comprised the greatest proportion of FT donors for all racial/ethnic groups (39.2%) and had the highest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.12) among FT donors. Conversely, R donors less than 20 years old had some of the lowest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.55) among R donors, whereas R donors at least 60 years old had the highest mean (1.88). Year by year, the percentage of FT donors who were less than 20 years old increased for all race/ethnicities. For R donors, whites were more frequently older, while Hispanics/Latinos and Asians were younger. CONCLUSIONS: Greater efforts to convert FT donors less than 20 years into R donors should be undertaken to ensure the continued diversity of the blood supply.

AB - BACKGROUND: To meet the needs of a diverse patient population, an adequate supply of red blood cells (RBCs) from ethnic/racial minority donors is essential. We previously described the 10-year changes in minority blood donation in the United States. This study describes donation patterns by donor status, age, and race/ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on the age and the number of unique black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, and white RBC donors were obtained from eight US blood collectors for 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Donors self-identified their race/ethnicity. First-time (FT) and repeat (R) donors were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Overall, for both FT and R donor groups, whites constituted the majority of unique donors (FT 66.7% and R 82.7%) and also donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (FT 66.6% and R 83.8%). Donors less than 20 years old comprised the greatest proportion of FT donors for all racial/ethnic groups (39.2%) and had the highest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.12) among FT donors. Conversely, R donors less than 20 years old had some of the lowest mean number of RBC donations per donor (1.55) among R donors, whereas R donors at least 60 years old had the highest mean (1.88). Year by year, the percentage of FT donors who were less than 20 years old increased for all race/ethnicities. For R donors, whites were more frequently older, while Hispanics/Latinos and Asians were younger. CONCLUSIONS: Greater efforts to convert FT donors less than 20 years into R donors should be undertaken to ensure the continued diversity of the blood supply.

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