Trends in congenital heart disease in Dallas County births. 1971-1984

David E Fixler, Patricia Pastor, Michael Chamberlin, Ellen Sigman, Clayton W. Eifler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine the changes in birth cohort prevalence rates and severity of congenital heart disease, we studied children with congenital heart disease born to blacks, whites, and Mexican-Americans in Dallas County from 1971 through 1984. Diagnoses were made by pediatric cardiologists' clinical evaluations, echocardiography, catheterization, surgery, or autopsy. During this study period, 2,509 of 379,561 liveborn infants were diagnosed, a prevalence rate of 6.6/1000. The rates for whites was significantly higher than for blacks or Mexican-Americans - 7.2/1,000, 5.6/1,000, and 5.9/1,000, respectively. The rate for severe cases requiring cardiac catheterization or surgery undergoing autopsy was 3.1/1,000 and did not differ among the three groups. The time trend for rates of congenital heart disease suggested an apparent increase in prevalence rate during the 1970s; however, the prevalence rate of severe forms remained relatively stable. This indicates that the apparent rise in prevalence could be accounted for by an increase in detection of mild cases. These findings were interpreted as reflecting a greater tendency for pediatricians to refer asymptomatic children with significant heart murmurs to a pediatric cardiologist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Keywords

  • Congenial heart disease
  • Epidemiologic methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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