Tuberculous aortic aneurysm is a rare disease entity. The majority of affected patients succumb to perforation and exsanguination. The only chance for survival and cure is by resection and prolonged antituberculosis chemotherapy. The authors' case illustrates the high risk of rupture of tuberculous aortic aneurysms. Post-mortem examination revealed that the mechanism of aneurysm formation was by direct caseous involvement of the descending thoracic aorta from a juxtaposed left upper lobe parenchymal tuberculous process. The authors' findings also favor the concept that miliary dissemination (in the presence of tuberculous aortic aneurysm) is the result rather than the cause of the tuberculous aortic process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine