Tula hantavirus triggers pro-apoptotic signals of ER stress in Vero E6 cells

Xiao Dong Li, Hilkka Lankinen, Niina Putkuri, Olli Vapalahti, Antti Vaheri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tula virus is a member of the Hantavirus genus of the family Bunyaviridae. Viruses of this family have an unusual pattern of intracellular maturation at the ER-Golgi compartment. We recently found that Tula virus, similar to several other hantaviruses, is able to induce apoptosis in cultured cells [Li, X.D., Kukkonen, S., Vapalahti, O., Plyusnin, A., Lankinen, H., Vaheri, A., 2004. Tula hantavirus infection of Vero E6 cells induces apoptosis involving caspase 8 activation. J. Gen. Virol. 85, 3261-3268.]. However, the cellular mechanisms remain to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrate that the progressive replication of Tula virus in Vero E6 cells initiates several death programs that are intimately associated with ER stress: (1) early activation of ER-resident caspase-12; (2) phosphorylation of Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and its downstream target transcriptional factor, c-jun; (3) induction of the pro-apoptotic transcriptional factor, growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible gene 153, or C/EBP homologous protein (Gadd153/chop); and (4) changes in the ER-membrane protein BAP31 implying cross-talk with the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Furthermore, we confirmed that a sustained ER stress was induced marked by an increased expression of an ER chaperone Grp78/BiP. Taken together, we have identified involvement of ER stress-mediated death program in Tula virus-infected Vero E6 cells which provides a new approach to understand the mechanisms in hantavirus-induced apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-189
Number of pages10
JournalVirology
Volume333
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

Keywords

  • C/EBP homologous protein (Gadd153/chop)
  • Caspase-12
  • Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress
  • Growth arrest- and DNA damage-inducible gene 153 or CAATT enhancer-binding protein
  • Grp78/BiP
  • Jun NH -terminal kinase (JNK)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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  • Cite this

    Li, X. D., Lankinen, H., Putkuri, N., Vapalahti, O., & Vaheri, A. (2005). Tula hantavirus triggers pro-apoptotic signals of ER stress in Vero E6 cells. Virology, 333(1), 180-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virol.2005.01.002