Two versions of dependence: D.S.M.-III and the alcohol dependence syndrome

Raul Caetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews the concepts of dependence on alcohol as embodied by the Alcohol Dependence Syndrome and as proposed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (D.S.M.-III). Evidence in support of the unidimensionality of this concept is still controversial, and the elements necessary to diagnose dependence under each of these two proposals are different. Alcohol Dependence in the D.S.M.-III has indicators of social and occupational impairment which are not part of the Alcohol Dependence Syndrome. Knowledge on the concept of dependence will advance more rapidly if researchers begin to develop comparative studies of these two models. Future work should also include studies in the general population, with women, ethnic minorities and cross-cultural research. Longitudinal research to establish the evolution of dependence both in clinical and general populations should also be developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-103
Number of pages23
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume15
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Alcoholism
alcohol
Alcohols
Research
Population
Research Personnel
national minority
diagnostic
evidence

Keywords

  • Alcohol Dependence Syndrome
  • D.S.M.-III
  • Dependence Concept
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Two versions of dependence : D.S.M.-III and the alcohol dependence syndrome. / Caetano, Raul.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, 1985, p. 81-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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