Type 2 Diabetes and HbA1c Predict All-Cause Post-Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Hospital Readmission

Elisa Morales-Marroquin, Luyu Xie, Luigi Meneghini, Nestor de la Cruz-Muñoz, Jaime P. Almandoz, Sunil M. Mathew, Benjamin E. Schneider, Sarah E. Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The main goal of this analysis was to determine whether type 2 diabetes and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) predict all-cause 30-day hospital readmission after metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS). It was hypothesized that a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes or high HbA1c values would predict all-cause hospital readmission rates post MBS. Methods: A retrospective analysis from the 2015-2018 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) cohort was completed (N = 744,776); 30,972 participants were readmitted during the 30 days post MBS. Results: Mean age of the MBSAQIP sample was 45.1 (11.5) years, and the majority were female (80.7%) and non-Hispanic White (59.4%). The all-cause hospital readmission rate was 4.2% and increased by 10% in those with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (HbA1c > 7.5% [> 58 mmol/mol]); after adjustment, diabetes was not associated with increased readmission. Uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and prediabetes resulted in less weight loss 30 days post MBS. Conclusions: These results based on a national MBS cohort showed that uncontrolled type 2 diabetes is associated with a greater likelihood of all-cause hospital readmission and reduced weight loss 30 days post MBS. Both type 2 diabetes and prediabetes were also associated with decreased weight loss 30 days post MBS. These findings highlight the need to classify and optimize glycemic control prior to MBS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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