Ultra-low dose contrast CT pulmonary angiography in oncology patients using a high-pitch helical dual-source technology

Prabhakar Rajiah, Leslie Ciancibello, Ronald Novak, Jennifer Sposato, Luis Landeras, Robert Gilkeson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if the image quality and vascular enhancement are preserved in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies performed with ultra-low contrast and optimized radiation dose using high-pitch helical mode of a second generation dual source scanner. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated oncology patients who had CTPA on a 128-slice dual-source scanner, with a high-pitch helical mode (3.0), following injection of 30 mL of Ioversal at 4 mL/s with body mass index (BMI) dependent tube potential (80-120 kVp) and current (130-150 mAs). Attenuation, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in multiple pulmonary arteries. Three independent readers graded the images on a 5-point Likert scale for central vascular enhancement (CVE), peripheral vascular enhancement (PVE), and overall quality. RESULTS: There were 50 males and 101 females in our study. BMI ranged from 13 to 38 kg/m2 (22.8±4.4 kg/m2). Pulmonary embolism was present in 29 patients (18.9%). Contrast enhancement and SNR were excellent in all the pulmonary arteries (395.3±131.1 and 18.3±5.7, respectively). Image quality was considered excellent by all the readers, with average reader scores near the highest possible score of 5.0 (CVE, 4.83±0.48; PVE, 4.68±0.65; noise/quality, 4.78±0.47). The average radiation dose length product (DLP) was 161±60 mGy.cm. CONCLUSION: Using a helical high-pitch acquisition technique, CTPA images of excellent diagnostic quality, including visualization of peripheral segmental/sub-segmental branches can be obtained using an ultra-low dose of iodinated contrast and low radiation dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalDiagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey)
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Blood Vessels
Technology
Lung
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Radiation
Pulmonary Artery
Noise
Body Mass Index
Image Enhancement
Pulmonary Embolism
Computed Tomography Angiography
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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Ultra-low dose contrast CT pulmonary angiography in oncology patients using a high-pitch helical dual-source technology. / Rajiah, Prabhakar; Ciancibello, Leslie; Novak, Ronald; Sposato, Jennifer; Landeras, Luis; Gilkeson, Robert.

In: Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey), Vol. 25, No. 3, 01.05.2019, p. 195-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rajiah, Prabhakar ; Ciancibello, Leslie ; Novak, Ronald ; Sposato, Jennifer ; Landeras, Luis ; Gilkeson, Robert. / Ultra-low dose contrast CT pulmonary angiography in oncology patients using a high-pitch helical dual-source technology. In: Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey). 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 195-203.
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abstract = "PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if the image quality and vascular enhancement are preserved in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies performed with ultra-low contrast and optimized radiation dose using high-pitch helical mode of a second generation dual source scanner. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated oncology patients who had CTPA on a 128-slice dual-source scanner, with a high-pitch helical mode (3.0), following injection of 30 mL of Ioversal at 4 mL/s with body mass index (BMI) dependent tube potential (80-120 kVp) and current (130-150 mAs). Attenuation, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in multiple pulmonary arteries. Three independent readers graded the images on a 5-point Likert scale for central vascular enhancement (CVE), peripheral vascular enhancement (PVE), and overall quality. RESULTS: There were 50 males and 101 females in our study. BMI ranged from 13 to 38 kg/m2 (22.8±4.4 kg/m2). Pulmonary embolism was present in 29 patients (18.9{\%}). Contrast enhancement and SNR were excellent in all the pulmonary arteries (395.3±131.1 and 18.3±5.7, respectively). Image quality was considered excellent by all the readers, with average reader scores near the highest possible score of 5.0 (CVE, 4.83±0.48; PVE, 4.68±0.65; noise/quality, 4.78±0.47). The average radiation dose length product (DLP) was 161±60 mGy.cm. CONCLUSION: Using a helical high-pitch acquisition technique, CTPA images of excellent diagnostic quality, including visualization of peripheral segmental/sub-segmental branches can be obtained using an ultra-low dose of iodinated contrast and low radiation dose.",
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AU - Landeras, Luis

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N2 - PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if the image quality and vascular enhancement are preserved in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies performed with ultra-low contrast and optimized radiation dose using high-pitch helical mode of a second generation dual source scanner. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated oncology patients who had CTPA on a 128-slice dual-source scanner, with a high-pitch helical mode (3.0), following injection of 30 mL of Ioversal at 4 mL/s with body mass index (BMI) dependent tube potential (80-120 kVp) and current (130-150 mAs). Attenuation, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in multiple pulmonary arteries. Three independent readers graded the images on a 5-point Likert scale for central vascular enhancement (CVE), peripheral vascular enhancement (PVE), and overall quality. RESULTS: There were 50 males and 101 females in our study. BMI ranged from 13 to 38 kg/m2 (22.8±4.4 kg/m2). Pulmonary embolism was present in 29 patients (18.9%). Contrast enhancement and SNR were excellent in all the pulmonary arteries (395.3±131.1 and 18.3±5.7, respectively). Image quality was considered excellent by all the readers, with average reader scores near the highest possible score of 5.0 (CVE, 4.83±0.48; PVE, 4.68±0.65; noise/quality, 4.78±0.47). The average radiation dose length product (DLP) was 161±60 mGy.cm. CONCLUSION: Using a helical high-pitch acquisition technique, CTPA images of excellent diagnostic quality, including visualization of peripheral segmental/sub-segmental branches can be obtained using an ultra-low dose of iodinated contrast and low radiation dose.

AB - PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if the image quality and vascular enhancement are preserved in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) studies performed with ultra-low contrast and optimized radiation dose using high-pitch helical mode of a second generation dual source scanner. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated oncology patients who had CTPA on a 128-slice dual-source scanner, with a high-pitch helical mode (3.0), following injection of 30 mL of Ioversal at 4 mL/s with body mass index (BMI) dependent tube potential (80-120 kVp) and current (130-150 mAs). Attenuation, noise, and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) were measured in multiple pulmonary arteries. Three independent readers graded the images on a 5-point Likert scale for central vascular enhancement (CVE), peripheral vascular enhancement (PVE), and overall quality. RESULTS: There were 50 males and 101 females in our study. BMI ranged from 13 to 38 kg/m2 (22.8±4.4 kg/m2). Pulmonary embolism was present in 29 patients (18.9%). Contrast enhancement and SNR were excellent in all the pulmonary arteries (395.3±131.1 and 18.3±5.7, respectively). Image quality was considered excellent by all the readers, with average reader scores near the highest possible score of 5.0 (CVE, 4.83±0.48; PVE, 4.68±0.65; noise/quality, 4.78±0.47). The average radiation dose length product (DLP) was 161±60 mGy.cm. CONCLUSION: Using a helical high-pitch acquisition technique, CTPA images of excellent diagnostic quality, including visualization of peripheral segmental/sub-segmental branches can be obtained using an ultra-low dose of iodinated contrast and low radiation dose.

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